Plants have to reproduced, just as animals do. First of all, most develop flowers which are then fertilised or pollinated, to produce seeds. The seeds ripen, and are scattered far and wide, eventually growing into new plants. Ferns and mosses reproduce in a different way. They do not have flowers. Instead of making seeds, they make microscopic spores which drift through the air.
How are flowers pollinated?
Flowers contain male parts which produce a fine dust called pollen, and female parts which produce seeds when they receive pollen from another flower. Some plants rely on the wind to spread their pollen, but most use animals. Insects, birds and bats visit flowers to feed on their sugary nectar. As they travel from bloom to bloom, they carry pollen with them, pollinating or fertilising the flowers they visit.
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